Israyel

(Yettusmimeḍ seg Israyil)

Israyel (s taɛebrit יִשְרָאֵל‎, Yisra'el; s taɛrabt: إسرائيل‎, Isrā'īl) isem ines unṣib Awanek n Israyel (s taɛebrit: מְדִינַת יִשְרָאֵל‎ , Medinat Yisra'el; s taɛrabt: دَوْلَةْ إِسْرَائِيل‎, Dawlat Isrā'īl), tamurt tezgad g umalu n umenẓaw Asya d rrif asammer n ilel agrakal, tesɛa tilas d Lubnan s ugafa, Surya s ugafa asammer, s usammer Urdun, s unzul asammer Maser , yezgad gar-as d tamurt n l’Urdun ilel amettan , Awanek n Israyel d yiwen awanek uday kan i yellan g ddunit, ulac wayed am netta, tajumma ines mectuḥet maca llan g-yes tigwti n udayen d tadersi n waɛraben inselmen, ineṣriyen, idruzen d isamariyen. Llant daɣen tasfift n Ɣezza d tama tanẓulit neɣ tama turdunit.

Globe icon.svgIsrayel
יִשְרָאֵל (he)
Annay n Israyil Armoiries d'Israël (fr)
Annay n Israyil Armoiries d'Israël (fr) Suqel
Satellite image of Israel in January 2003.jpg

Imseɣret Hatikva

Symbole officiel (fr) Suqel Icidi
Yettusemma ɣef Terre d'Israël (fr) Suqel
Ansa
LocationIsrael.svg
 31°N 35°E / 31°N 35°E / 31; 35

Tamanaɣt Uṛacalim
Imezdaɣ
Teɣṛed 9 093 000 (2019)
• Tiineẓẓi n imezdaɣ 437,79 imezdaɣen/km²
Tutlayt tunṣibt Taɛebrit
Taɛrabt
Ddin Tudayt, Tineslemt, Tamasiḥit d Druzes (fr) Suqel
Tarakalt
Amur seg Agmuḍ alemmas d Asie de l'Ouest (fr) Suqel
Tajumma 20 770 km²
• Aman 2,1 %
Tezga-d ɣef yiri bassin Levantin (fr) Suqel, lac de Tibériade (fr) Suqel, mer Morte (fr) Suqel, Golfe d'Aqaba (fr) Suqel, Jourdain (fr) Suqel d Ilel agrakal
Isek yeflalen mont Hermon (fr) Suqel (2 814 m)
Point le plus bas (fr) Suqel mer Morte (fr) Suqel (−428 m)
Tilisa yakked
Asefk amazray
Yezwar-it Palestine mandataire (fr) Suqel
Asebdad David Ben Gourion (fr) Suqel
Asnulfu 14 Mayyu 1948:  (Declaration of Israeli independence (en) Suqel)
Jour férié (fr) Suqel
Roch Hachana (fr) Suqel (1er Tishri (fr) Suqel)
Yom Kippour (fr) Suqel (10 Tishri (fr) Suqel)
Souccot (fr) Suqel (15 Tishri (fr) Suqel)
Chemini Atseret (fr) Suqel (22 Tishri (fr) Suqel)
Hanoucca (fr) Suqel (25 Kislev (fr) Suqel)
Tou Bichvat (fr) Suqel (15 Shevat (fr) Suqel)
Pourim (fr) Suqel (14 Adar (fr) Suqel)
Pessa'h (fr) Suqel (15 Nissan (fr) Suqel)
Mimouna (fr) Suqel (21 Nissan (fr) Suqel)
Yom HaShoah (fr) Suqel (27 Nissan (fr) Suqel)
Yom Hazikaron (fr) Suqel (4 Iyar (fr) Suqel)
Yom Haʿatzmaout (fr) Suqel (5 Iyar (fr) Suqel)
Yom Yeroushalayim (fr) Suqel (28 Iyar (fr) Suqel)
Chavouot (fr) Suqel (6 Sivan (fr) Suqel)
Lag Ba'omer (fr) Suqel (18 Iyar (fr) Suqel)
Tou Beav (fr) Suqel (15 Av (fr) Suqel)
Tuddsa tasertayt
Anagraw asertay république parlementaire (fr) Suqel d État unitaire (fr) Suqel
Exécutif (fr) Suqel gouvernement d'Israël (fr) Suqel
Assemblée délibérante (fr) Suqel Knesset (fr) Suqel
• président de l'État d'Israël (fr) Suqel Isaac Herzog (fr) Suqel (7 Yulyu 2021)
• Premier ministre d'Israël (fr) Suqel Naftali Bennett (fr) Suqel (13 Yunyu 2021)
Corps judiciaire suprême (fr) Suqel Cour suprême d'Israël (fr) Suqel
Tadamsa
Tadrimt Cekel amaynut
Amekzay uglim
Izṭi akudan
Domaine internet (fr) Suqel .il (fr) Suqel
Plan de numérotation (fr) Suqel +972
Numéro d'appel d'urgence (fr) Suqel 100 (fr) Suqel, 101 (fr) Suqel d 102 (fr) Suqel
Azamul n tmurt IL
Nniḍen

Tansa n web gov.il
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Awanek atrar n Israyel mɣind iẓuran-is s takti n Tamurt n Israyel (Eretz Ysra’el) i g-yellan g’allaɣ n udayen g azal n 3000 iseggasen deqqal amgaru amedlan amenzu, tametti n iɣlanen teǧǧad l'eḥkem n wegmuḍ alemmas d Falaṣṭin ger ifasen n ibritaniyen bac ad xleq axxam aɣelnaw i-udayen, g useggas n 1947, iɣlanen i dduklen bḍan tamurt n Falesṭin ɣef sin iwanaken, yiwen awanek uday, wayed aɛrab, g 14 magu 1948 teḍra taseɣrut n uzarug n awanek n Israyel s umtawa n iɣlanen i dduklen, deqqal-is krend iɛraben s umgaru mgal udayen axater ugin ad qeblen azarug n awanek n Israyel, rnan imgura nniden maca Israyliyen rebḥen g yal imenɣiyen, rnan sbaɛden tilas isen tefkan iɣlanen idduklen uqbel, g’imir nni udayen d iɛraben kecmen g yiwen azenzab n imenɣiyen ur yetfak Tezmel Israyel imtawayen n telwit akk d timura n Maser d Urdun Awanek n Israyel yewweḍ ɣef kra imanzyen am tugdut timgensest, angaraw awamni, afran amegradi, Aneglaf amenzu d netta i gellan ixxef n unabad akk d l Kneset. Tadamasa taɣelnawt n Israyel tella tis 44 g ddunit, taneflit talsant, tilelli n tifeffegt. Urcalim d tamdint tamaneɣt d tamdint i meqqren deg Israyel, din i yella asutel n unabad maca ammas n tadamsa d tiẓraf yella g tamdint n Tel Aviv.

IsemẒreg

Issem n Israyil ybined i tikkelt tamenzut g aẓru n Merenptah g useggas 1200 uqbel talalit n Ɛisa, issem agi yella d win n Tagelda n Israyel tamzikit. Issem n Israyil d yessem i s-yefka illu i Yeɛqub ass mi yennuɣ ar tama n lmalayek n Illu anamek ines « win innuɣen ar tama n Illu » Yeɛqub d babas n 12 n tiqbilin i yeffɣen s Maser imir semmanten arraw n Israyel neɣ « Israyliten » G taseɣrut n’uzarug n awanek n Israyel id ixelqen g’useggas n 1948 yettef issem n Israyel yeǧǧa issmawen niḍen am Ṣehyun, Tudayt (Judea).

AmezruyẒreg

Iẓuran imezwuraẒreg

Tamurt n Israyl (awal-agi itwassen s tɛebrit s Erets Yisrael) yella kra i sɛan azal ameqqran ɣur udayen; g Turat yura belli Illu yefkad amiru i udayen bac asen-yefk tamurt n Israyel faken a tili tamurt-nsen neg axxam-nsen

TaṣiyunitẒreg

 
Teodor Herzel Bbas n awanek uday

AzarugẒreg

 
Beṭṭu n 1947

Deg lqern 19, akk d Theodor Herzl yexleq taṣionit (Ṣionism) : udayen bɣan a d-uɣalen ɣer tmurt taneṣlit-nsen. Assmi kksen yingliziyen Falesṭin seg ifassen n Tturk, udayen zemren ad ruḥen ɣer Falesṭin, uɣen-d akal seg weɛraben, bnan u zedɣen.

Di 1948, Langliz teffeɣ-d seg falesṭin, tuddsa n iɣlanen i dduklen U.Ɣ.D (l'ONU) tegzem akal-agi di sin :

Udayen qeblen, aɛraben ugin beṭṭu-yagi, 7 timura n weɛraben ttnaɣen akk d tmurt tamaynut n wudayen : Israyel terbeḥ imenɣ (lgirra), terbeḥ akal s wazal n 28% kter n wayen i-ten-id-ifkan tuddsa n iɣlanen i dduklen(l'ONU). Kra n weɛraben i yellan deg Israyel rewlen, meɛna kra qqimen: tutlayt-nsen tutlayt tunṣibt. Akk udayen i yellan deg tamurt n Falesṭin rewlen ɣer Israyel.

G 1967, tskker Maṣer abrid n lebḥer n Tiran, ihi Israyel tebda lgirra amgal Maṣer, timura n weɛraben nniḍen bɣan ad ɛawnen Maṣer meɛna akk xesren, Israyel terbeḥ daɣen kter akal.

G 1973, aɛraben xeddmen lgirra tikkelt nniḍen akk d Israyel, meɛna xesren daɣen : lgirra d wakal. Israyel tuɣal-d tameqqrant zdat Israyel n 1948.

TasertitẒreg

 
L'Kneset amni n Israyel